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Logistics management in post-Covid-19 era




Most supply chain professionals are still in the reactive phase of how to deal with this pandemic. That includes combating fear and uncertainty around shortages and gauging the overall impact the coronavirus will have on supply chain and logistics operations.

Logistics management is the backbone of any country’s economy. Logistics is unique, It never stops?.! Logistics is happening around the globe, 24×7. Logistics is concerned with getting products and services where they are needed when they are desired. It is very difficult to visualise any marketing or manufacturing without logistics support. Logistics has been performed since the beginning of civilisation. It’s hardly new.

Logistics involves the integration of information, transportation, inventory, warehousing, material handling and packaging. In any individual firms, logistics expenditure typically ranges from 5 to 35 per cent of sales depending on the type of business, geographical area of the operation and volume ratio of product and materials. Logistics typically accounts for one of the highest costs of doing business, second only to materials in manufacturing or cost of goods sold in wholesaling or retailing.

Logistics is the art and science of managing and controlling the flow of goods, energy, information and other resources like products, services and people from the source of production to the market. It involves the integration of information, transportation, inventory, warehousing, material handling and packaging.

The main objectives of logistics is to achieve "7 Rs" – "The right product, in right quantity, in right condition, at the right time and Right place for the right customer, at the right cost."

The global logistics market size is estimated to be $2,734 billion in 2020 and projected to reach $3,215 billion by 2021, at a YoY growth of 17.6 per cent. In our cement industry, the logistics cost is approximately Rs 39,000 crore (23 to 25 per cent of total cement sales). Logistics mode mix of road (71 per cent), rail (27 per cent) and coastal (2 per cent). Bagged cement with 80 per cent and bulk cement with 20 per cent.

Covid-19 and Indian logistics industry
Asia Pacific is expected to have the largest logistics market size as the region has taken stringent and quite early measures to contain the Coronavirus outspread. China has started to recover from the COVID-19 pandemic faster than any other country.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has appreciated India’s control over the spread of the pandemic. This has allowed the logistics and supply chain companies to meet consumer demands during the pandemic situation. During the lockdown, only essential people and commodities are permitted by the authorities. The list of essential people and commodities must be continuously revised to minimise the adverse impact on people’s lives and the spread of the pandemic. Thus, the Asia-Pacific region is expected to show positive signs soon as the supply chain industry recovers gradually.

About 50 per cent of the 12.5 million heavy, medium, and small commercial vehicles have shut their engines because of coronavirus. There are no drivers, no loaders, and no unloaders to support the $200 billion logistics industry. Fifty per cent of India’s organised trucking fleet is now without drivers, who have gone home.

The entire supply chain is being impacted. From raw materials and packaging material supply to manpower at manufacturing plants (to load/unload/operate) to logistics, and transport to retail. the entire value chain in logistics right from transportation to warehousing would be adversely impacted, entities with asset-heavy business model will see a greater impact owing to high fixed costs.

There has been a significant drop in volumes at all facilities. As the volumes fall, it will take several months before they get back to normalcy – ports are highly capital-intensive in nature. The standing cost of assets is very high, running into millions of rupees.

As per research on behavioural science, it takes more than two months before a new behaviour becomes a habit or culture. We are in a lockdown of 68 days, it is a significant time period to impact consumer behaviour. We can also expect that post lockdown.

The Covid-19 pandemic is challenging businesses to think in unique and different ways. The disruptions caused by the virus outbreak have left deep impacts on consumer behaviour and preferences. Customers are now increasingly exercising caution on what, where, and how they buy.

The cumulative loss estimate is as high as Rs 50,000 crore with the highest loss coming from the aviation sector, followed by the Roadways, in terms of lost toll taxes, goods wasted on the road due to a sudden lockdown and halt numbers of fully loaded trucks.

Most supply chain professionals are still in the reactive phase of how to deal with this pandemic. That includes combating fear and uncertainty around shortages and gauging the overall impact the coronavirus will have on supply chain and logistics operations.

Logistics management in post coronavirus era
Role of logistics management:
The major role of the logistics management function as given below:

  • Demand planning and forecasting along with production function
  • Sourcing and procurement of raw materials/goods and services required to run the manufacturing operation and its customers’ needs
  • Managing the inflow and outflow of the inventory – be it the raw material required or making the product or pushing them to market along with sales and marketing functions
  • Putting agreements in place to ensure safety for the organisations
  • Managing supplier relationships by driving SLAs and KPIs in supplies

Impact of Covid-19 on logistics management function: When the factories/offices/markets are shut, the factories producing essentials are the only ones allowed to operate, the customer base of the organisation is working from home, the impact is on both sides – demand and supply. With reduced demand, the suppliers who were looking for new buyers for their products were impacted. On the other hand, buyers who were getting supplies from their supplier/vendor base got impacted because of no supplies from them.

Covid-19’s safety and compliance guidelines were put into place for the organisations as well as the individuals. From social distancing to be followed in the factories and workplace to ensure employees and workers are equipped with PPE kits, things have changed in recent times.

Scarcity of raw materials supplies, indirect material supplies and the higher lead time is another problem that happened to result in higher prices, limited availability and increased logistics cost to the companies.

The buyers and suppliers lost chance to meet each other face to face and negotiate on table. Almost everyone was working virtually and some of the buyers/suppliers who were not familiar with collaboration tools faced difficulties in executing negotiations effectively. In short, virtual meetings were done for decision making.

While a lot of changes have happened at organisation level in various functions in last few months, the Supply management function has changed too. The pressures being placed on supply chain professionals around the world by Covid-19 are leading to a reassessment of how supply chains function. They are also likely to accelerate the process of digital transformation as a means of overcoming weaknesses and vulnerabilities. There are several ways in which businesses can go about creating resilient supply chains in a post-Covid world.

There is an urgent need to reduce dependency on physical labour in areas such as transportation, logistics and warehousing. This can be achieved through the introduction of automation/technologies such as the Internet of Things (IoT) and artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning.

The factories which can modularise production and adapt lines in line with demand changes will become the norm. They will be backed by supply networks capable of communicating intelligently with one another, thereby increasing their effectiveness and agility.

It is the time when instead of having dependency on one supplier or a couple of suppliers, organisation need to have a base of supplier who are ready to serve it when needed. To keep the relationship going, it is advised to keep procuring small quantities from time to time from additional suppliers.

Covid-19 has taught many things to almost everyone, so the sourcing and procurement function should remain ready for surprises going forward too. Plan for short term and long term is not enough. There is a need to start planning for near ? short term too, which can be in the next 24 hours. There is enough data points organisations sit on. The need is to utilise the data science tools to predict daily than monthly, quarterly or annual plans.

The supply chain technologies are emerging that dramatically improve visibility across the end-to-end supply chain, and support companies’ ability to resist such shocks. The traditional linear supply chain model is transforming into digital supply networks (DSNs), where functional silos are broken down and organisations become connected to their complete supply network to enable end-to-end visibility, collaboration, agility and optimisation.

Leveraging advanced technologies such as the IoT, AI, robotics, and 5G, DSNs are designed to anticipate and meet future challenges.

The key elements that will emerge in the logistics management of a post-Covid world include:

  • Intelligent procurement to help organisations understand where and when to source using advanced machine learning algorithms based on factors such as past purchases and commodity pricing
  • Data management with intelligent automation and analytics that will deliver end-to-end information management and provide supply chain partners with insights around diagnostics, market intelligence and risk management
  • Supplier risk management to help organisations model cost structures and keep abreast of any supply disruptions and secure capacity
  • Supply chain simulation involving modelling new strategies based on changes to business or operating models which helps to validate and identify the most cost-efficient supply chain design

Covid-19 warns that rare events may disrupt the logistics management. Greater agility, adoption to changing contexts and ability to redesign the supply chain in the situations of rare events will help organisations to prevent damages caused by pandemics in general particularly Covid-19.

In last one decade due to digitalisation era, IT has created the big changes in entire trucking industry and their productivity and efficiency. Driven by the IIoT (Industrial Internet of Things), the manufacturing sector is a major transformation. Automation has been gaining traction in the logistics industry as well with the continuous adoption of IoT.

Intelligent process flows: The supply chain responsive to rare events such as Covid-19 is not easy as the systems are not trained to absorb the shocks provided by such situation. One of the ways to make the supply chain responsive is to transform the supply chain processes to intelligent process flow. A company can transform all verticals into an intelligent process flow starting from demand planning and manufacturing execution to order orchestration and fulfillment. This will allow the processes, people, and technology to interact – bridging the current gap in a company’s ability to understand the changes in the environment.

Digital technology: Company needs to leverage the power of AI and other emerging technologies. Such dependencies on advanced technologies can help companies navigate through the supply chain vulnerabilities caused by Covid-19 and assist in business continuity amid disruption and uncertainty. Including automation, Blockchain, IoT, and edge computing in its supply chain design and management may help company turn unanticipated into the envisioned.

IT system-based order punching to order allotment: In this current digital India, the use of Computers / Smart Phones is very common for all of us. We have to develop a very strong IT system in that we can manage real time automated punching of our marketing orders through CRM Software to orders’ allotment to transporters, trucks’ confirmation, online lorry receipt generation, e-invoicing, e-way bill and e-PoD from Customers etc. It will help to marketing, logistics and transporters touch free work environment and social distancing for protecting from Covid-19.

GPS based trucking/logistics management: In view of the Covid-19, transporter has hesitancy to interact with multiple agencies (like gate security, logistics officers, WB operator, packing plant supervisor, truck loading workers, etc.). We have to develop strong RFID/GPS system based trucking management and monitoring system. The GPS will provide real-time visibility into the specific location and movement of vehicles.

GPS solutions provide real-time tracking of fleet and workforce from the first mile to long haul to the last mile. Logistics and Technology have become synonymous. It is strictly followed that driver should remain inside his truck and the activities such as security in-out, weighment of truck will do automatic with the help of RFID-based system and Automation of Weighbridge integration. This will help minimum interaction of drivers with security, logistics officers, weigh bridge operation and packing plant workers. In order to enhance driver’s experience, despatch related information can now be shared on his mobile with the help of the GPS System, so that he do not have to interact with logistics, transporters and packing plant operators.

Usually, drivers use to wait for long time to get the delivery instructions, Invoice papers and e-way bill, etc. at cement plant. But with the use of GPS system, automatic weighbridge, SAP integration process and IT -based logistics management applications, automation of packing plant operation and the print of DI, invoice, E-way bill can generate automatically and handed over to drivers while truck goes out and driver remain seated in his truck.

GPS system will help to monitoring real time truck transit time, halt during travelling, expected time of reaching at customer site, reaching at delivery point, delivery confirmation through e-PoD from customers etc touch free work environment and without human intervention.

Technological advancements now enable businesses to build end-to-end supply chain solutions that speed up processes and avoid bottlenecks in the supply chain. Business intelligence tools have helped to improve forecasting and identify areas of concern without any major time lag. The entire system is touch free work environment and social distancing for protecting from Covid-19.

Logistics central monitoring cell: Given the constantly evolving scenario, it is vital for consumer goods/commodity companies, retailers and brands to establish a cross-functional empowered Central Monitoring cell to take decisions fluidly. Given the current volatility in consumer behaviour and internal operating chain, it is critical to establish the guiding principles and core objectives for the monitoring cell while providing the decision-making authority to decide and implement initiatives on the go.

The supply chain is the backbone of any country’s economy as a majority of goods and services flow through the supply chain partners. Supply chains have become highly sophisticated and vital to the competitiveness of many companies. A decades-long focus on supply chain optimisation to minimise costs, reduce inventories, and drive up asset utilisation has removed buffers and flexibility to absorb delays and disruptions. The effect of Covid-19 on the supply chain that leads to issues in manufacturing, distribution, and retailing has exposed the dire need for proactive strategies. As companies move through the current crisis, firms will realise the value of intelligent process flows, self-correcting and smart supply chain, implications of AI and augmented techniques, and a forward-looking strategic approach.

Several technological advances have been made in recent times to ensure optimum utilisation of resources, tracking of consignments and seamless distribution of cargo such as Automatic Identification and Data Capture (AIDC) Technology, Quick response (QR) code, real-time locating systems and RFID. Adoption of Warehouse Management System (WMS) and other IT-driven solutions are becoming effective in increasing the competitiveness of the warehousing industry.

The entire digitalisation system will help overall productivity, efficiency, proper and efficient fleet utilisation resulting huge cost saving in logistics management in cement industry. The future successful company will be the one that has a dynamically optimised supply chain network with preparation and readiness to address the next disruption whether the next wave of Covid-19 or a new threat to business practices.

Footnote: The article is authored by Dr Girish Mehta.

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Economy & Market

We are shaping the future of clean air





Monil Parikh, Managing Director, Techflow Enterprises Pvt Ltd, leads us to a better understanding of how cutting-edge designs and advanced technologies are revolutionising the process of filtration, driving efficiency and environmental responsibility within the cement sector.

Tell us about your air pollution control systems.
Techflow Enterprises, operating from our expansive 30,000 sq m facility, which is one of India’s largest, manufactures a comprehensive suite of air pollution control systems specifically designed for cement plants. Our solutions include:

Pulse Jet Bag Filters: Employing compressed air for efficient cleaning, these capture fine dust particles generated during grinding and packing. Techflow’s bag filters are designed to restrict the outlet emission up to 5mg/Nm3.
Electrostatic Precipitators (ESPs): Ideal for ultra-fine particulate matter in kiln exhaust gases, ESPs utilise an electric field for superior dust capture with 99.9 per cent capacity.
Centrifugal Fans: We offer various fans like induced draft (ID) fans for draft creation, process fans for dust-laden air transport, and kiln fans for high-temperature gas streams.
Techflow’s commitment to quality is evident in our proven track record. We are actively supplying solutions to leading cement players like Adani Cements, Ambuja and ACC Cement, Dalmia Bharat Cement and Wonder Cement. Our installations across India and Asia stand as a testament to our expertise in handling cement plant dust control challenges.

How do your products and systems integrate with cement plants?
Techflow’s air pollution control systems seamlessly integrate into your existing cement plant. Our pulse jet bag filters fit effortlessly downstream of grinding mills and packing stations, effectively capturing fine dust particles generated during these processes. Electrostatic Precipitators (ESPs) excel in kiln exit gas streams, working alongside existing cyclones to achieve ultra-fine particulate control, a critical step in maintaining clean air emissions.
Techflow’s comprehensive offering of centrifugal fans ensures a perfect fit for any application. Our ID fans seamlessly integrate into the kiln system, creating the necessary draft to pull exhaust gases through the air pollution control equipment. Process fans, strategically placed throughout the plant, efficiently convey dust-laden air from various generation points, like clinker coolers and raw material handling, towards the filtration units. This modular approach minimises disruption during installation and ensures optimal dust collection across your entire cement production process.
How do your innovative designs better the process of filtration at cement plants bringing efficiency to the process?
Techflow’s commitment to innovation translates to superior filtration efficiency and operational cost savings for cement plants. Our pulse jet bag filters incorporate features like:

  • High-efficiency filter media: Designed for specific dust types, this media minimises pressure drop across the filter, reducing energy consumption.
  • Improved flue gas entry design
  • Low Pressure Cleaning Systems
  • Optimised pulse cleaning systems: These systems efficiently dislodge dust cake buildup using compressed air, maximising filter media life, and minimising downtime.

Our ESPs utilise advanced electrode designs to enhance particle collection and reduce maintenance intervals. Furthermore, Techflow’s centrifugal fans are meticulously crafted for superior aerodynamic performance, leading to lower energy consumption and improved overall plant efficiency.
Techflow has developed a SMART-LINK automation module for better maintenance and real-time remote tracking of performance of each equipment. Cement plants equipped with Techflow’s systems experience reduced operational costs, minimised downtime and compliance with ever-evolving environmental regulations.

What is the key differentiator between traditional filters and modern filters?
Traditional bag filter systems often relied on manual cleaning methods, leading to inconsistent performance, increased downtime, and potential worker exposure to dust. Modern pulse jet bag filters, like those offered by Techflow, address these limitations.
Our systems leverage automated cleaning mechanisms, ensuring consistent filtration efficiency and minimal operator intervention. Additionally, advanced filter media materials in Techflow’s bag filters offer superior dust capture capabilities compared to traditional fabric filters.
This commitment to modern technology translates to a safer and more efficient and environmentally friendly dust control solution for cement plants.

Can your designs be customised as per the requirement of the customers?
At Techflow, we understand that every cement plant has unique dust control requirements. That is why we prioritise customisation across our entire product range:

Pulse Jet Bag Filters: Filter media type and micron rating based on dust properties, number of filter bags, and pulse cleaning system configuration like cycle time and pressure can all be adjusted to optimise performance for your specific dust and airflow. The system can be designed to achieve less than 5mg/Nm3 outlet emission standards as well.

  • Electrostatic Precipitators (ESP): ESP design can be customised with features like the number of electrode rows, electrode spacing, and power input like voltage and current to achieve the desired dust collection efficiency for your specific outlet emission capacity less than 20mg/Nm3.
  • Centrifugal Fans: Fan designs are tailored by adjusting factors like impeller diameter, blade design, and motor size to meet the specific pressure and flow requirements of various processes within a cement plant.

This focus on customisation ensures Techflow’s air pollution control systems perfectly match your cement plant’s needs, guaranteeing optimal dust capture and efficient operation.

What is the role of technology and automation in building filtration systems?
Techflow has designed a SMART-LINK System that can be integrated to our equipment which tracks and monitors performance of equipment in real time.

  • Continuous diagnostics
  • Condition-based maintenance
  • Prevention of unplanned downtime
  • Early problem detection using AI
  • Data collection for process optimisation and efficiency maximisation
  • Auto alert with warning driving timely human interactions
  • Remote maintenance assistance by Techflow Team.

What are the major challenges in the filtration process and your system integration at cement plants?
The cement industry’s focus on sustainability, higher production and diverse fuel sources creates filtration hurdles. Adapting to changing dust properties, handling increased dust loads, and integrating seamlessly within space constraints are key challenges.
Techflow tackles these issues through advanced design techniques, exploration of innovative filter media, and modular system design. This ensures our filtration systems remain adaptable, efficient and seamlessly integrated within your cement plant, empowering your success.

How do you plan to further better your products and bring innovation in the future?
At Techflow, we are not just building filtration systems, we are shaping the future of clean air in the Indian cement industry. After successful expansion of the manufacturing facility in 2023, now it is time to improve designs and process optimisation. The future holds exciting possibilities: next-generation filter media with self-cleaning properties and
extended lifespans, minimising maintenance and maximising efficiency.
Techflow’s legendary after-sales support is about to get even better. We are expanding our global service network to provide you with 24/7 access to a team of India’s most experienced filtration specialists, ensuring your system operates flawlessly throughout its lifecycle.
Together, we will lead the way towards a sustainable future, paving the path for a greener tomorrow with green cement.

  • Kanika Mathur

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Economy & Market

Digitalisation is changing the logistics landscape





Haresh Calcuttawala, CEO and Co-Founder, Trezix, explains how their platform streamlines export processes, optimises logistics operations, and addresses the challenges faced by the cement industry.

How does your platform help in the compliance of cement exports?
The Trezix platform helps with the end-to-end processes for exporters, ensuring complete visibility of these processes focusing on shipments, documents, compliances, etc. The platform is also integrated with various stakeholders’ part of the export process including integration with Unified Logistics Integration Platform (ULIP) by the Government of India.

What is the impact of your systems on the cost and productivity of a cement plant?
The Trezix platform helps to optimise the turnaround time, visibility of shipment and improving efficiencies, which results in optimisation in logistics cost and improvement in working capital.

What are the major challenges in logistics and how can that be resolved?
A major challenge in the cement industry is the logistics cost and time for delivery. This can only be resolved with faster turnaround time, complete visibility of shipments, delivery lead time and process control to adhere to compliance.

Tell us your views on the change technology is bringing to logistics.
In the cement industry, so far technology has been more focused on internal process, and optimising demand and supply in the area of supply chain. However, now the focus has completely shifted to external stakeholders and their processes, and how have we integrated processes to further optimise the logistics execution.

Can your systems and solutions be customised based on customer requirements?
Every customer has some unique value proposition for their customer segment. Trezix has flexibility by way of configuration to adhere to industry needs and specific customer needs, keeping in mind the regulatory processes are not deviated to fulfil statutory requirements.

How do you foresee the face of logistics changing for the cement industry?
Digitalisation is one of the biggest waves you can see in the logistics space, which is changing the face of the industry. Digitalisation is changing the logistics landscape. Various concepts like Just In Time (JIT) to customer delivery are now a reality. Vehicle utilisation, fuel efficiency, delivery visibility, vehicle tracking through RFID, Fastag, FOIS (rail receipt tracking), container/cargo tracking across geography is now a reality.

  • Kanika Mathur

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Drones can ferry small batches of cement





Ankit Kumar, Co-Founder and CEO, Skye Air, highlights the advantages of drone deliveries for the cement industry to improve the overall operational efficiency and cost-effectiveness of the supply chain.

What is the environmental impact that drone deliveries can create?
Drone deliveries have the potential to significantly reduce environmental impact compared to conventional delivery methods. By utilising drones, the carbon footprint of last-mile delivery can be slashed by eliminating the need for vehicles and vans, which emit greenhouse gases during transport. In fact, studies have shown that drone deliveries can reduce carbon emissions by up to 80 per cent compared to traditional delivery methods. Additionally, drones provide more direct routes, minimising congestion and further lowering emissions.
Furthermore, Skye Air’s implementation of drone technology can contribute to a substantial decrease in air pollution. Traditional delivery vehicles, powered by fossil fuels, contribute significantly to air pollution, whereas drones operate on cleaner energy sources, such as electricity. As a result, the adoption of drone technology by Skye Air could lead to a notable reduction in harmful pollutants released into the atmosphere.
It’s worth noting that Skye Air is committed to continuous monitoring and optimisation of its operations to ensure that the environmental benefits of drone delivery are maximised. Through data-driven analysis and innovative strategies, Skye Air aims to further enhance the efficiency and sustainability of its drone delivery services.
In conclusion, while drone deliveries offer significant environmental benefits, rigorous management and innovation are essential to mitigate any potential negative effects and ensure the long-term viability of drone delivery operations.

Tell us about the efficiency created by drone delivery systems.
Skye Air has spearheaded a paradigm shift in the logistics industry by substantially augmenting efficiency in their drone deliveries. Drones can help circumvent traditional road networks, bypass traffic congestion and surmount logistical impediments, facilitating expeditious and direct transportation of goods. This heightened efficiency is particularly conspicuous in exigent circumstances, such as the delivery of medical supplies to remote regions or the expeditious fulfillment of urgent orders. By harnessing the capabilities of drones, Skye Air optimises delivery routes, curtails fuel consumption, and mitigates the overall operational costs inherent in conventional delivery methodologies.
Indeed, empirical data underscores the efficacy of drone deliveries, showcasing a significant reduction in delivery times by up to 50 per cent compared to traditional methods. Moreover, drone deliveries have been shown to minimise fuel usage by approximately 60 per cent, contributing to substantial environmental conservation efforts.
Furthermore, the automation of the delivery process not only expedites operations but also bolsters efficiency, resulting in enhanced customer satisfaction rates. With streamlined processes and expedited turnaround times, Skye Air sets a new standard for excellence in the logistics domain.

What is the role of digitalisation and technology in your delivery and transport system?
In Skye Air, digitalisation and technology serve as pivotal catalysts in revolutionising our delivery and transport system. Through the integration of cutting-edge drone technology like Skye UTM, we have established a streamlined and efficient delivery process. Our drones are equipped with state-of-the-art navigation systems and sensors, enabling precise and secure delivery routes. Skye UTM stands as the most advanced and indigenised Aerial Traffic Management platform, designed to furnish situational awareness, autonomous navigation, risk assessment, and traffic management to all drone and aerial mobility operators across the airspace. Skye UTM has already facilitated successful BVLOS (Beyond Visual Line of Sight) drone flights. The Skye UTM captures over 255+ parameters of UAV movements, storing them in its ‘Black box’, which comprises a published systematic description of the entire flight. This platform offers the inaugural 3-Dimensional view of the drone airspace, alongside operations and regulations mapping servers, furnishing the latest airspace status, verified paths, and exhibiting real-time UAV movements. Furthermore, our digital platforms empower customers to seamlessly place orders and track their deliveries in real-time. This digitalisation not only amplifies the velocity and precision of our deliveries but also ensures transparency and accountability throughout the entire process.

Can drone deliveries be incorporated with the cement industry in the future?
In the foreseeable future, the incorporation of drone deliveries holds promise for integration within the cement industry, presenting efficient and swift transportation solutions for materials. The sophisticated drone technology prevalent in logistics stands poised to collaborate seamlessly with cement companies, optimising their supply chain operations. Drones can ferry small batches of cement or other construction materials to remote or challenging-to-access locations, thereby diminishing reliance on conventional transportation modes such as trucks and mitigating logistical complexities. Through the strategic utilisation of drones, the cement industry stands to bolster its efficiency, curtail costs and elevate overall operational efficacy.

  • Kanika Mathur

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